About CIRCLE MED
CIRCLE-MED is a sub-network in the frame of CIRCLE ERA-Net. It addresses issues of common interest to the Mediterranean countries. It aims at creating a Mediterranean research community network through collaborative research projects on Climate Change Impact Research, with the objective to bring the results of this research to policy and decision-makers.
The Mediterranean basin is unique through its geographical position but also through its cultural heritage and common history. According to the IPCC 4th Assessment Report the Mediterranean ecosystems may be among the most impacted by global change drivers. Semi-arid and arid areas are particularly exposed to the impacts of climate change on freshwater (high confidence) and will suffer a decrease of water resources due to climate change. Computed groundwater recharge decreases dramatically by more than 70% along the south rim of the Mediterranean Sea (reference climate normal 1961-1990 and the 2050s).
A number of possible environmental and socio-economic impacts have been identified in the literature, which could cause unacceptable hardship for particularly vulnerable populations or threats to coastal zones economy: coastal flooding; erosion; sea water intrusion in aquifers; possible increase in flood and storm intensity and frequency; increase in desertification both in extent and in severity with possible consequent migration pressures; increased frequency of water shortage and decline in water quality with risks to public health; threats in food security; loss of and degradation of biodiversity and natural ecosystems and related services.
These impacts do not know any political boundaries, but potential answers are elaborated by national and/or regional decision and policy makers assisted by national scientific programmes. CIRCLE offers first a unique opportunity to share knowledge on impacts based on advanced modeling and various scenarios.