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    CIRCLE-MED is a geographical group in the frame of CIRCLE 2 ERA-Net. It addresses issues of common interest to the Mediterranean countries. It aims at creating a Mediterranean research community network through collaborative research projects on Climate Change Impact Research, with the objective to bring the results of this research to policy and decision-makers. ... more about CIRCLE-MED

    CIRCLE-MED projects' situation:  Location of the leading research institution for each CIRCLE MED pilot call project, as well as the planned study sites. Click on the projects’ acronyms or on the study sites to access to the project or study site information.

    News & Updates

    Indoor cycling bike

    Tips for buying a quality indoor cycling bike

    Do you want to continue your bike training in the winter or keep your summer bod year-round? Getting an indoor cycling bike and riding it into your own home is a good way to keep those extra dollars off.

    Indoor cycling bike

    We have gone through some good reviews on indoor bikes to find out that which one can be suitable for your needs. During our research, we discovered that there are a few important elements that you must consider if you want to buy an indoor cycling bike that suits your needs.

    We found some interesting and helpful tips that will be of great use to you. Here are a few important things that you must keep in mind when buying an indoor cycling bike.

    Flywheel weight

    Indoor cycling bike

    The flywheel is the wheel that is located at the front of the bike that moves when you pedal. The motion will be smoother depending on the excessive weight of the flywheel. Generally, the weight of flywheel in an indoor bike is 18kg, and the flywheel of commercial bikes weighs 20-22kg.

    We recommend you not to take a bike that has a 16kg flywheel or less. The flywheel weights are different for various brands and models so you must take a good look at it when buying an indoor cycling bike.

    Drive systems

    Indoor bikes have two different kinds of the drive system; belt and chain. Belt driven cycling bikes are highly recommended, if possible. A belt drive bike requires less maintenance, makes less noise. You can also adjust the belt easily when necessary.


    Indoor cycling bike

    Strong stabilizing legs and frame are very important for a cycling bike. The explanation of a good frame can be hard to describe, especially if you’re purchasing through a site. There are many websites on the internet that are highly trusted and reliable and you can purchase the quality indoor bike from them.

    But you may still have to make sure that the bike occupies a strong stabilizing frame. You may purchase the bike from a site that offers the money back guarantee for a fixed period of time as it will allow you to see if the bike meets your requirements or not.

    If it fails to meet the requirements, you can replace it by contacting the site owners from where you bought that bike.

    Braking system

    Cycling bikes usually have three different kinds of braking systems; leather pad, fabric pad and magnetic braking.

    The entry level home indoor cycling bikes come with the fabric pads. Leather pads are used on high level commercial and domestic indoor bikes and they last longer than fabric pads. We recommend you take a bike that has a magnetic braking system because they usually have a silent function.

    You must consider these tips when buying an indoor cycling bike. These tips will help you make an informed decision and they will help you save a lot of money in the long run. We hope that you will be able to find the most suitable indoor bike with the help of these tips.

    The Benefits of using steroids

    A group of drugs that are used as the treatment of numerous medical conditions in medical science is commonly known as the Steroids. They are helpful for different medical purposes. Steroids can also be used to regulate metabolism and enhance reproduction as well as immune system. They also have the ability to cope with inflammation problems, muscle mass, and many other medical complications.

    Many young people turn to these drugs in the hope of building muscles. Using steroids without the prescription is unlawful. However, there are many steroids that are legal and you can simply use them to build your muscles or for other purposes.

    There are many top legal steroids available in the market that you can use without getting involved in any illegal activity. Here we are going to discuss the benefits of these legal steroids that can help you in the long run.

    Increased Recovery time

    One of the great benefits of steroids is that they make the increase the speed of recovery process for body builders and athletes. Even the intense workouts don’t take much time to recover. Stress hormone slows down the time of recovery from workouts while steroids are good in regulating the production cortisol which makes the recovery process faster.

    Steroids are a way of increasing stamina during the workout, while they also make the recovery process faster.

    Stronger Muscles

    As mentioned before, steroids are a great source of building stronger muscles and almost all the bodybuilders admit this fact, therefore, a huge number of bodybuilders use steroids to build stronger muscles. Steroids are also great in multiplying the nitrogen content in the body.

    The body can easily produce more protein with the help of these increased levels of nitrogen. Thus, the muscles can grow much faster as they rely on protein.

    Reduced Body Fat

    Overweight people should not use them because it is not one of the significant benefits. However, pre-competition bodybuilders can find them helpful in burning away stubborn body fat. Steroids are not fat themselves; it is the improvement of body’s metabolism that facilitates fat loss, which means the benefits of exercise and diet multiply. During the periods of extreme caloric deficiency, bodybuilders can maintain their gains with the help of different steroids.

    Faster Red Blood Cell Production

    Muscles need oxygen to grow and thrive and red blood cells are very important for the delivery of oxygen. The ability to amplify red blood cell production makes steroids prominent from all other drugs. Because the production of red blood cells increases the amount of oxygen in the body. This means that steroids are not only great for the treatment of those suffering from different kinds of anemia, but they also help athletes during their workouts in burning the significant amount of oxygen.

    Anabolic steroids are not capable of providing benefits on their own but it’s the way how you use them. You can enjoy enormous benefits of steroids by using the right dosage. The combination of workout routine and the healthy diet with the steroids can help you boost these benefits even further.

    New to yoga? Check out these different types of yoga and see which one is best for you

    As a beginner, you might be heard something about yoga and how it can benefit your general health, sleeping problems, reducing stress and anxiety and feeling better overall. But do you know exactly what type of yoga is the best one for you? There are over a dozen different types of yoga, all of which are designed to hit the specific problem in your body and mind harmony.

    The most common types of yoga for beginners are:



    The most basic type of yoga, suited for every beginner. It actually doesn’t involve a special type and the postures and moves are gentler than in some other yogas. Hatha basically teaches you the most common physical postures you will be using in some other types of yoga. The key in executing the postures is focusing on holding on the posture for a few breaths.


    If you don’t want a gentle start and have a history of fitness or sports, the perfect type of yoga to start from is ashtanga. It’s a challenging practice which contains six series of sequenced yoga poses that are repeated in a particular order. It may be difficult to learn the whole sequence on a first class, but don’t worry – you will get there shortly. Ashtanga is known for repeating the same poses in the exact order during each class, therefore you should also have a good memory in order to remember the sequence fast. The usual teaching style of Ashtanga yoga is Mysore, where you will be performing the series on your own while the teacher will walk around the room and assist if necessary. This type of yoga is ideal for perfectionists and people who are generally accustomed to ordering and predictable pattern.



    If you want to slow things down a little bit and not to rush off to a dynamic type of yoga as ashtanga, you should try iyengar. This type of yoga is an ideal pick for people who are detail-oriented because it requires executing different postures while keeping in mind the body alignment. That means you will hold an each posture for a certain period of time. The main goal is to move in a safe and effective manner.



    One of the most challenging types of yoga is Bikram. It consists of 26 poses in a series of two breath exercises performed in a heated room (105 degrees, 40% humidity). The sequence lasts for 90 minutes. This is a great choice for those who likes intense workouts and challenging rhythm. If you want a less number of repeats, you should try out hot yoga. It’s basically similar to Bikram, except it doesn’t require so many repeats.


    Another extremely dynamic type of yoga is vinyasa, which is all about gaining and maintaining the flow and movement. Typically, it’s performed with music, since the movements are reflecting dance routines and poses. It’s an ideal match for those who are into rising heart rate and pumping adrenaline throughout the routine.



    There are lots of different types of yoga you can do, and all of them have there own benefits and drawbacks.  They key is to figure out what’s best for you.  Find a local class and submerge yourself to build the habit.  If you work a lot and can’t squeeze in classes on a regular basis, then try an online course, which works just as well.  One that we highly recommend is www.yogaburnreviews.com.  It’s perfect for beginners and veterans alike.  Whatever you decide on though, just make sure you stay consistent and soon you’ll see the amazing benefits yoga can offer!



    How to keep your dogs from getting sick

    You must have experienced in your life that some diseases transfer from human to human in different conditions which may affect their health. But can you pass your cold to your dog? Or can your dog be affected by other animals?

    The answer is yes – but you should not worry as you have more control over it than you think. Here we’ll discuss a few factors that may affect your dog’s health and may cause a serious disease.

    Canine parks are essential devices individuals can use to guarantee their mutts create urgent social abilities. Like people, puppies are social creatures and require social connection to guarantee appropriate mental and behavioural advancement.

    Be that as it may, likewise much like people, social contact can prompt nerve-racking life dangers if mutts aren’t legitimately arranged for outside impacts.

    Parvovirus, rabies, canine flu and canine distemper are only a couple of the life undermining wellbeing dangers your puppy could be presented to at the puppy stop, which is the reason he/she should be readied.

    Canines additionally risk finding insects and ticks, contracting airborne respiratory sicknesses, encountering drying out and a not insignificant rundown of different issues that could bring about genuine complexities when your puppy is back home.

    Fortunately for you, we have a couple of tips to guard your canine sidekick and keeping in mind that mingling.

    1. Ensure your puppy is legitimately immunized.

    Puppies that haven’t been completely inoculated ought to maintain a strategic distance from canine stops no matter what.

    Numerous infectious maladies can be ordinarily found in the dirt, water, and air, and a few puppies convey them without indicating manifestations – also careless proprietors who don’t understand somethings incorrectly.

    Ensuring your puppy stays aware of his/her shots and is completely immunized will generally anticipate him/her from getting the absolute most life undermining wellbeing dangers canine parks bring to the table.

    2. Apply bug and tick assurance before going to.

    Bugs and ticks are for all intents and purposes ensured to dwell at your neighbourhood puppy stop paying little mind to how very much kept up it is or how all around treated the regular canine clients are, particularly amid warm climate.

    There are a lot of bug and tick security items that will keep your canine free of parasitic irritations. It is exceedingly proposed you make utilization of them.

    3. Bring your own water and water dish.

    Shared water dishes are rearing reason for unsafe microscopic organisms and infections. Your puppy will require water, however, there’s no reason he/she can’t hydrate securely.

    You should simply pack several jugs of water and dish for your canine to drink out of to guarantee his/her stays as sound and hydrated as could reasonably be expected.

    Taking after these few tips will limit the likelihood of your puppy catching something awful from the puppy stop. A sound puppy is an upbeat canine, and doesn’t your puppy should be as glad as could reasonably be expected?

    We hope these tips will help you a lot.


    It is also useful to learn about canine leishmaniasis or leishmaniose, a canine parisitic disease that may be fatal.

    Here’s a list of the top benefits of kratom capsules

     If you’re in constant pain or having trouble sleep, the best piece of advice is to try herbal formulas which have a relaxing effect on your muscles and your nervous system. One of the most popular herbal formulas not just for pain relief and insomnia is kratom. Kratom is a tropical evergreen tree from Southeast Asia and is native to countries like Thailand and Malaysia.


    It is a unique herbal medicine because the first effects come with really small doses. However, using kratom in bigger doses can lead to hallucinations and other opiate related symptoms.


    Here you’ll read the major benefits of using small dosage of kratom capsules.


    Energy booster – kratom is used by manual workers to increase their energy to last during long-hour work days. Only small dosage is enough to recover the body and bring back the vitality and joy in your body. It speeds up your metabolism which ensures a better fluid and essential minerals exchange in your body.



    Heightens concentration – kratom also affects the concentration level. After taking one capsule, your mind gets cleared, you become more focused and more aware of yourself and your surroundings.


    Protects immune system – kratom positively affects our immune system, preventing your body to collapse during exhausting and intense periods of work. This will benefit you if you’re working long our shifts or working under high pressure.


    Brings you into relaxation – a capsule before going to sleep and you will be more relaxed. Kratom entails special supstances that are affecting your nervous system and help your body to relax. That way you will fall into sleep quicker and you will wake up fresh and energized.


    Pain relief – kratom is first used for its analgesic properties. It contains alkaloids and nutrients that affects the pain center in your body through hormonal system. The result is a fast pain relief induced by an increased level of dopamine and serotonin.


    Increases sexual desire – kratom has been used by traditional practitioners in regards to fertility issues and libido problems. It can be used as an aphrodisiac with males. Kratom increases a blood flow in your body inducing an increase in durability of an sexual intercourse.


    Addiction recovery – in some cases, kratom can be used as an supplementary medicine in treating an opium addiction. Since kratom leaves have the same effect on our nervous system as opium, a regular small dosage will rise similar sensations. However, if you increase your daily dosage, you are risking to become addicted to kratom!


    Helps with mood swings –  kratom capsules are also used as an anxiolytic substance in cases of a depression, high stress, anxiety and mood swings. It affects the central nervous system and releases the tension between different neurons and receptors. As a result, dopamine and serotonin are spreading throughout your body, inducing a more peaceful state of mind.


    Please note that you should consult a doctor first before you proceed to buy kratom capsules. The effects can vary depending on your general health, previous medical conditions and other characteristics. This article is solely for an information and education on a specific product, thus cannot be taken as scientifically relevant material.

    Benefits of Nootropics


    With the guarantee of enhanced mind capacities like memory maintenance, centre, and abilities to focus, nootropics offer endless advantages to understudies, working experts, and others alike.

    And keeping in mind that some still stress over the potential symptoms of medications, nootropics guarantee security with practically no negative impacts, settling on them an immaculate decision for all intents and purposes anybody.

    In the event that you’ve been thinking about a nootropic stack to improve your everyday working, you ought to likewise comprehend the full scope of advantages you remain to pick up thusly.

    The following, we’re talking about the top advantages of nootropics to give you only a little look at the event, both psychological and else, you remain to pick up.

    Upgraded Memory: –

    A great many people don’t battle to peruse a reading material or learn new data. However, when made a request to review the data later in the day or further, later on, most have a troublesome time doing as such.

    Nootropics bolster memory by repairing and upgrading memory-related capacities, for example, you’re working memory and capacity to review new and existing data.

    Since numerous nootropics additionally support mind cell development and enhance associations between neurons, you can review data all the more rapidly as you’ll experience more prominent synaptic pliancy (an advantage particular to ampakines).

    Cholines, racetams, and vitamin b subordinates are altogether referred to as improving memory too, giving you various decisions when constructing your stack.

    Hostile to Aging: –

    Most people comprehend that stressors and reduced cerebrum wellbeing result in like manner issues like poor memory.

    What some don’t know is that these same issues can bring about untimely maturing and normal issues like diminished digestion, wrinkles, and weakened vision.

    You can battle these issues all alone by focusing on a solid way of life with customary physical action, however, the stressors and harm you’ve done to your mind remain. Fortunately, nootropics can quiet the cerebrum while lessening the harm done, decreasing indications of maturing all the while.

    Enhanced Mood: –

    Diminished fixation and centre can be brought on by any number of variables. Notwithstanding, a standout amongst the most well-known reasons you can’t centre is fixing to your temperament.

    Foul states of mind are regularly brought about by sporadic rest examples and poor dietary patterns.

    Nootropics enhance temperament by empowering state of mind upgrading receptors in the cerebrum. This enables individuals to beat the tension, stress, sadness, and different issues they’ve been encountering, expanding centre and memory all the while. Visit http://www.nootropicshome.com/anxiety/ to learn how nootropics can help you deal with anxiety.

    Vitamin b subsidiaries, as sulbutiamine, are firmly attached to enhanced inclination.

    Enhanced Concentration: –

    One of the chief advantages of a nootropic is expanded fixation. Truth be told, this advantage is basic to racetams and vitamin b subsidiaries, among others.

    Most youngsters and grown-ups battle with fixation, regardless of whether they’ve been determined to have a condition, for example, ADHD or simply have a troublesome time concentrating all alone.

    With nootropics, you can dispose of sentiments of constrained fixation while concentrating on critical undertakings for something beyond 1 to 2 hours on end.

    Best of all, nootropics keep up readiness and clearness of thought also, keeping you spurred to remain focused.

    With these advantages and that’s just the beginning, it’s easy to perceive any reason why an ever-increasing number of individuals are swinging to nootropics to escalate centre, enhance memory, and to ensure cerebrum wellbeing, particularly as they age. Also, when you need to do likewise, you should simply start your own nootropics regimen.